and poverty Reduction, The word Bank, June 1999.
– Lin, Nan(2001), Social Capital: A Theory of social capital and action, Cambridge University press.
– Liu, Kiazhi,”China s urban informal settlements: concepts and sustainability implications, Universitas 21 International Graduate Research Conference.
– Lutz, mina and Stefan Lutz(2004). The contribution of income, social capital and institution to human well_ being in africa, center for European intergration Studies.
– Mayhew, Susan(1997), Dictionary of
– Mohammadi makerani, hamid;”citizen participation in informal settlement, potentials & obstacles – the case of iran, Shiraz, saadi community”, international journal of social sciences, vol. 1 no. (2007).
– Narayan, D and Cassidy ], M.F.(2001), A Dimensional Approach to Measuring social capital: Development and vallidation of a social capital inventory, Current Sociology, 49,22,59-105.
– Neuwirth, Robert(2006), Shadow Cities, Rutledge.
– Pacione, Michael(2002), Urban Geography, Routledge,London.
– Paxton, P (1999): Is social capital Declining in the united States? A multiple Indicator Assessment, American Journal of Sociology, Vol.105, no.1.
– potter, R.B. & S.Lioyd – Evans(1998) The city in the developing Word. Essex: longman. P.137.
– Pugh, C.(2001), “The theory and practice of housing sector development for developing countries, Housing Studies 16(4).
– Pugh, Cedic(2000), Squatter Settlement, Their Sustainability, Architectural Contributions and socio-Economic Roles.
– Putnam, R.D. (1995a): Tuning in, tuning out: The Strange disappearance of social capital in America, Political science and politics,28.
– Putnam. R(2002): Bowling Together, American Prospect, accessed on 1 September 2002 at
– Rose, R(1999), Getting things done in an antimodern socioty: social capital Networks in Russia. In Dasgupta & Serageldin. P 71-147.
– Schiff, M.(1992): social capital, labor Mobility and welfare Ration. Soc.4.
– Srinivas,H.,(2001), Defining Squatter settlement.
– Stone, Andrew, Brian Levy and Ricardo Paredes (1992): Public institutions and private transactions: tha legal and regulatory environment for business transactions in brazil and chile. Policy research working paper 891. Word bank, Washington, D.C.
– Taleshi, Mostafa (2009),”Informal settlements and Sustainable Urban Development Case study: Metropolis of Mashhad in Northeastern of Iran, word Applied Science Journal7(10):1235-1238.
– UNESCAP (1998), “Living in Asia Cities, Where we come from: historical perspective and major trends.
– UNESCAP (2001), “Municipal and management in Asia: a comparative study”, in United Nation Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the specific.
– UN-HABITAT(2003), “The challenge of slums”, www.unhabitat .org
– UN-HABITAT(2003a), The Challenge of Slums; Global Report on Human Settlement.
– UN-HABITAT(2003b), Slum of the World: The Face of Urban poverty in the New Millennium, Kenya.
– Woolcock, M (2001). The place of Social capital in understanding social and Economic Outcomes, isuma: Candian journal of policy research, 2, pp 1-17.

دسته بندی : No category

دیدگاهتان را بنویسید